Arts Mind

Is there progress in art?

Is there progress in art? To answer this question, it is first necessary to define: What is art? There are many views on so-called art, but they all meet in the following statement: “Art is an aesthetic object (or art is beauty)”[1]. Centuries have passed, but this debate is still unresolved because art is not a purely material or spiritual category. Works of art not only directly affect our senses with lines, shapes, colors, materials, etc., but also evoke thoughts in our minds. That is to say, aesthetics (beauty) in art is an emotional and variable characteristic.

The term “progress” is often used in the field of science, to refer to an upward development or, more specifically, an attempt to improve scientific products so that it becomes more and more convenient for people. use. Meanwhile, the ambition of art is to find other ways of expressing the world (both material and spiritual) to satisfy the needs of human enjoyment. It is impossible to put two paintings that reflect the same theme but were born in two different historical periods on the scale to see which is better. The evaluation here, if any, is probably just “I think this picture is BEAUTIFUL” but beauty, as mentioned above, belongs to the emotional part. So, instead of using the phrase “advancement in art”, I prefer the expression “change in artistic thinking”. For example, we have two paintings depicting a naked woman:

Visually, it can be seen that the similarity between the two paintings is the nude sitting position of the woman. However, the difference in artistic thinking leads to the different ways of creating images of the two artists. Rembrandt in the Baroque style – characterized by “exaggerated light, intense emotion, free from restraint”[2]. So in Bathsheba, the woman appears almost realistically through rounded lines, bright white tones that contrast sharply with the dark background of the bathroom space. On the contrary, Picasso – a representative of Cubism – depicts the naked woman in the Seated Bather with different fragmented shapes in order to simultaneously represent many different perspectives and thus produce a multitude of female version in the viewer’s mind.

Each artist has his own artistic thinking that comes from his own reasons and produces his own works of art. So is the professor’s point: “It is necessary to restore classical aesthetic standards” an art frame? I don’t think so, but I also don’t completely agree with the comment that contemporary art represents a degradation of aesthetic standards. I think artists of any age have a desire to interpret the world in many forms. Because unique experiences in art contribute to expanding the cognitive dimensions of people both physically and mentally.

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